Developing Procedural Fluency in mathematics

All three students solved this problem successfully. However, only Lucas shows evidence of using number relations to support his automaticity with basic facts.

Conceptual Understanding, the Instructional Shifts

Instructional change takes time, and teachers must be supported in understanding the changes and how to implement them in their classrooms.

Helping Students Understand Their Own Thinking

Students need to learn early in their educational career how to think about how they solve complex problems, what learning strategies work best for them, how they adapt what they are learning to new situations, and those questions will not be answered without a lot of help from their teachers.

Simply Assign Complex Texts?

Simply Assign Complex Texts?

It is critical the teacher is intentionally planning for learning opportunities that allow students to put into practice complex thinking and conceptual skills with accessible texts.

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