CTL’s Thinking & Learning Framework is a research-based framework that is influenced by the Thinking Collaborative’s Norms of Collaboration (Garmston & Wellman, 2016), Scharmer’s Generative Dialogue Framework (Scharmer, 2000), Lloyd, Kolodziej, and Brashears’ Facilitate, Listen, Engage model (2016), and Accountable Talk (Michaels, O’Connor, Williams-Hall, & Resnick, 2010), among others. It is designed to promote active thinking, learning, and engagement with the content and between students through the three domains (Build Community, Contribute Knowledge, Think Critically) and practices within each domain.
The T&L Framework provides structure and guidance to help teachers operationalize rigorous practices in the classroom. Whether students are reading, writing, attending to vocabulary, or speaking and listening, we want them to actively engage with the content, and one another through Building Community, Contributing Knowledge, and Thinking Critically. The thinking and learning we want students to do with each lesson in our classrooms informs which T&L practices we want to focus on, as well as what mediating steps and support we need to put in place. For example, if students are creating a claim, evidence, and reasoning response, the T&L Framework helps provide language for students to justify their evidence, identify patterns, and/or construct counterclaims, depending on the goals for the lesson and learning. To help students practice and improve upon the skills in the T&L Framework, we provide a set of resources including a Quick Reference Tool (prompts and sentence stems aligned to the practices), as well as a single point rubric that can be used for self-reflection, and targeted feedback from the teacher (and peers). Both of these resources can be accessed on our website via the QR Code on the back page of this guide.